The Process of Education


Subsidiarity is a fundamental principle of our common life and it first found an institutional voice in a papal encyclical published in 1881. According to this principle, human affairs should be handled at the lowest level. It has many implications for civil society, strengthening mutual relationships for learning, and provides a compelling rationale for looking beyond individuals. Ultimately, all human beings share the same dignity, reason, and conscience, and should act in the spirit of brotherhood.

Process of education diagram

The ‘Process of Education’ is an important concept in the study of educational systems. Education is the cultivation of knowledge and skills through the mutual exchange of experiences and ideas, and it involves the reciprocal interaction between the educator and students. The word ‘communication’ derives from the Latin word ‘Communis’, which means common. In education, the two-way process of communication encourages feedback, give-and-take, and mutual understanding.

A child is not born knowing how to behave or what to do, but the education system shapes their future. The process of education helps them understand their emotions and how to apply that knowledge and feeling to their lives. Karl Marx famously said, ‘All social life is practical, and there is no such thing as education without action.’ Education, therefore, is all about making a person change the world for the better. Developing an understanding of an experience is one thing, but wanting to change it is another. In either case, commitment is required to the process of changing the environment.

Goals of education

Education aims to give students the knowledge, skills and attitude necessary for a better life. The purpose is to cultivate self-knowledge, a healthy lifestyle, and harmony with nature. In a world where there is a caste system, education serves to filter and sort workers. In a meritocratic society, students self-select in terms of higher education, skill-intensive occupations, and leadership positions.

The National Education Association, a quasi-governmental organization of educators and policy makers, developed the Goals of Education in 1938. In the document, educators, policymakers, and other participants set the social and economic goals for American education. The goals are not just a statement of what schools should teach; they are also intended to serve as a benchmark for assessing progress. In addition to a common set of standards, the report includes recommendations for improvement, including the need to increase funding for education.

Functions of education systems

Functional theory stresses the functions of education. Education is a critical tool for promoting social integration. In societies with diverse cultural, religious, and ethnic backgrounds, education promotes a sense of community. As such, educational institutions transfer their students from one group to another, fostering a sense of community. The process of education is often highly creative, as students respond to stimuli to learn. And, education also fosters individualism and competition.

The rapid transformation of vocational education systems has been a focus of social science critique and analysis. Nonetheless, other forms of education systems are characterised by strong path dependencies and actors’ resistance to change. It’s essential to understand these functions, and how they relate to each other to ensure that educational systems fulfil their stated purposes. Here are some of the functions of education systems. Once we know what each of these functions is, we can determine which ones are most important and how they interact.

Perspectives on education

There are many perspectives on education, and each one has distinct characteristics. The functionalist perspective emphasizes the role of education in socialization and gender roles. The conflict perspective focuses on inequality in society and how education affects people’s lives. Feminist theories focus on how sexism is reflected in education. And symbolic interactionists emphasize the role of the classroom and teacher’s expectations. The differences in perspective are apparent, and they affect how education is conducted and taught.

Postmodernists believe that schools cannot produce shared norms in a culture, and should not seek to marginalize different cultures. While free compulsory education promoted equality in nineteenth-century France, immigrant children in the United States today are learning to speak English and U.S. history. Consequently, the English-only movement is one way to promote integration. But this viewpoint may not be applicable to every country. Regardless of the viewpoint of an individual, all children need to learn English.