Understanding the Different Types of Laws


There are three types of laws: Natural law and Common law. Administrative law, on the other hand, deals with matters of state. Let’s explore each in turn. The article below will focus on Natural law. However, if you want to know more about legal concepts, we recommend the West’s Encyclopedia of American Law. This reference work aims to help you better understand these four different types of laws. Whether you choose to study civil or administrative law, you’ll find it helpful to have some background information on each type.

Natural law

A natural law view holds that certain goods are inherently good. These goods include pleasure and the absence of pain. This view is compatible with common sense, but some critics argue that the notion of “good” is not inherently good. There are several other views, and these two differ in how they interpret natural law. However, they all share some important features. Tollefsen (2008) and Charttier (2009) discuss the implications of the natural law view.

Common law

The common law originated in England, where the process of determining which precedents are applicable and what the relevant legal issues are were the primary responsibilities of judges. This tradition historically marginalized certain communities, as the rulings in these cases were often biased and antiquated. Until significant changes in societal sentiment and civil legislation, these marginalized groups faced a longer and more difficult path to getting favorable court rulings. This explains why there are currently several different governing bodies defining the common law.

Civil law

Civil law and criminal law are two types of legal cases. While the former deals with matters involving public codes of conduct codified in state laws, the latter is the realm of private disputes. Both can result in punishments such as fines, community service, probation, and imprisonment. Here’s a closer look at each. In short, the former deals with disputes involving harm to one party and the latter deals with offenses against the government.

Administrative law

Administrative law concerns the processes used by the executive branch of government to make rules and enforce laws. This branch of the law is often considered a subset of public law. Although administrative law is considered a branch of public law, it does have its own distinct rules and principles. Learn more about administrative law below. What Are the Main Principles of Administrative Law? How Does It Apply to You? And Who Is an Administrative Law Expert? Read on to learn more about administrative law and its impact on your life.

Constitutional law

Although the U.S. Constitution is relatively short, its vague language invites varying interpretations. Competing theories have emerged regarding the most appropriate method of interpreting the Constitution, with the originalists maintaining that the text must be read literally, while purposivists seek to achieve the intended meaning of the law. Courts have also used principles of English common law to guide their interpretations of the Constitution. Ultimately, constitutional law is the fundamental rule of law, and it must be interpreted according to its purposes.

Aviation law

Aviation law is the body of regulations that govern the air transportation industry. The Federal Aviation Act governs aviation in the US. States are prohibited from regulating air carriers unless they are authorized to operate flights in interstate commerce. However, states can still enact laws that comply with federal law and modify remedies provided under state law. To learn more about aviation law, click on the links below. These laws are important for regulating air transportation, but are not sufficient in themselves.