Understanding the Different Types of Law


There are three types of law. Common law, Civil law, and private law. Learn about the differences between these types of law and how they differ from each other. This article will provide an overview of each. You will also learn about the role of the legal profession in society and the ways in which it helps people access justice. If you’re a business person, you should start with the basics and work your way up. After all, you’re only one step away from a legal career.

Business of law

In business, contractual relations are the cornerstone of all commercial transactions. Different specific bodies of law regulate different aspects of contracts, such as the sale of goods, the effects of performance and breach of contract, and the remedies available to the parties. Other specific areas of business law include insurance, charter parties, consumer credit agreements, and labour relations. New areas of law are constantly emerging, such as the protection of consumers. For example, law firms are now increasingly focusing their efforts on social media and SEO advertising.

Common law

Through the 19th century, common law recognized specific forms of action. This opening pleading, or writ, had specific technical requirements in order to fit into the right legal pigeonhole. These include debt, detinue, covenant, special assumpsit, and trespass on case. These magic words governed the scope and applicability of common law. In addition to this, common law determined which claims could be brought in court.

Civil law

Originated in mainland Europe, civil law eventually spread to much of the world. It is a referable system, serving as the primary source of law. In most jurisdictions, civil law is applied to civil matters such as contracts and torts. This system is derived from the Roman code. Although there are varying interpretations of this code, it can be broadly classified as an important component of civil law. The most significant differences between civil law and common law lie in the way that they define certain rights.

Private law

The evanescent distinction between public and private law is at the heart of a long and controversial debate about the nature of private law. Private law involves the government making available procedures and institutions for individuals and entities to define their relationships and assert their rights against others. The core of this institutional framework is the arbitral panel. Its development is also rooted in social norms. Here are some of the main debates. This section is intended to provide some rough outlines.

International law

While the term “international law” dates to Jeremy Bentham, philosophical engagement with international legal themes actually dates back to the ancient Greek and Roman eras. Philosophers in the natural law tradition advanced the notion of a universal normative order. The rise of modern nationalism, however, prompted a shift in the nature of international law and a new wave of philosophical engagement. The following are some key milestones in the history of international law.

Property law

Property law is the field of law that deals with the ownership and control of real estate. This field reflects many fundamental issues in society, including family structure, economics, and politics. It is most commonly associated with the transfer of land and its ownership rights. Among its many topics, property law includes:


What are torts in law? A tort is a civil wrong that causes harm or loss to another person. Whenever someone commits a tort, they are liable for the harm or loss caused. A tort committer is held legally responsible for the act, which can include both financial and time damages. Here is a breakdown of the different types of torts: